An acute periodontal abscess (gum abscess) is an infection around a tooth usually caused by an acute flare up of existing gum disease. Periodontal means around the tooth and this means that the disease affects the supporting structures of the tooth - ie the gums, periodontal ligament (pdl) and alveolar bone. Acute means that the infection is in its ‘acute phase’ which refers to the types of response your immune system is making to the infection. Basically it means it is likely to be very painful and swollen this swelling may extend to the face or jaw and there can also be an associated fever.
A true abscess is difficult to treat yourself at home but there are a few
A periodontal abscess in its early stages may be managed with pain killers and hygiene measures and sometimes the immune system will keep the abscess under control. However if it gets more serious then it is likely to need professional attention. Any uncontrolled swelling especially when heading towards the neck and throat needs to be URGENTLY treated at an A&E department as there is the danger of life threatening conditions such as Ludwig's Angina.
Once lockdown is lifted the tooth will definitely need treatment from a dentist and probably referral to a specialist Periodontist (gum specialist)
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