Periodontal disease is the most common chronic inflammatory disease in humans affecting nearly half of adults in the UK. It is a complicated inflammatory disease that affects the supporting structures of the teeth - root, connective tissue and bone. Gingivitis is when the gum disease is only affecting the gums, in periodontitis however the bacteria have migrated down the root and created a pocket around the tooth where they can live and multiply without being disturbed.
Periodontitis can be either chronic (slow progression) or aggressive, both types are initiated by the bacteria in dental plaque. Gum disease cannot happen without bacteria but the extent and severity of the disease are affected by the body response, genetic factors and environmental risk factors.
Probably the most important factor in whether treatment for periodontitis is success is the improvement in home care - your cleaning habits. Here are some pointers on improving your oral hygiene.
Periodontitis REQUIRES full assessment by a dentist and home care alone is not going to be sufficient. Untreated periodontitis may result in tooth loss seek treatment as soon as possible after lockdown.
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The aim of treatment for periodontal disease is to maintain the existing tissue around the teeth, saving teeth where possible, and improving the health of the gums.This is achieved in 3 broad ways:
The treatment will usually be performed by a combination or your general dentist, dental therapist, dental hygienist and specialist periodontist in the following stages:
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